The Complete Guide on Everest Base Camp Trek 2024

  • Last Updated on Jun 24, 2024

The Everest Base Camp trek is a legendary journey that attracts adventurers from around the world. This trek offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural encounters, and physical challenges. Starting from the bustling town of Lukla, trekkers traverse picturesque valleys and dense forests and cross suspension bridges over roaring rivers. The trail passes through traditional Sherpa villages like Namche Bazaar and Tengboche, where trekkers can explore ancient monasteries and experience the warm hospitality of the local people.

As you ascend, the landscape changes dramatically from lush green terrain to rugged, snow-covered mountains. The trek provides awe-inspiring views of some of the world’s highest peaks, including Lhotse, Nuptse, and Ama Dablam. The ultimate goal is reaching EBC at an altitude of 5,364 meters, where climbers prepare for their ascent of the world’s tallest mountain. Nearby, the viewpoint of Kala Patthar offers breathtaking panoramic views of Everest itself. The Everest Base Camp trek is not just about the destination but also the journey. Each step offers a sense of accomplishment, with the ever-present backdrop of the majestic Himalayas. This trek is a testament to the resilience of the human spirit and the unparalleled beauty of nature.


Table of Contents

Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek:

  • Majestic Mount Everest: Witnessing Mount Everest's grandeur makes you feel small and insignificant.
  • Sunsets at Kalapatthar: Experience stunning golden sunsets over Everest from this famous viewpoint.
  • Flight to Lukla: Flying into Lukla's high-altitude airport offers breathtaking views and an adventurous start.
  • Sherpa Villages: Enjoy the hospitality of Sherpa villages and see yaks grazing in the fields.
  • Namche Bazaar: Explore colorful markets and the lively atmosphere of this key Sherpa town.
  • Acclimatization Days: Adjust to the altitude while learning about Sherpa culture and customs.
  • Khumbu Glacier and Icefalls: Be awed by the natural beauty and power of the Khumbu Glacier and Icefalls.
  • Sagarmatha National Park: Trek through this park, home to diverse flora and fauna.
  • Historic Route: Follow in the footsteps of legendary mountaineers like Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
  • Tengboche Monastery: Visit this spiritual haven with deep connections to the mountain and its people.

The essential information you must know about EBC Trek 

Start Time: The trek begins early in the morning after flying from Kathmandu or Ramechhap to Lukla.

End Time: The trek ends in Lukla, where you catch a flight back to Kathmandu.

Best Time to Trek: March to May (spring) and September to November (autumn) are the best months for the Everest Base Camp Trek due to stable weather and clear views.

Highest Altitude: The trek reaches up to 5,364 meters (17,598 feet) at Everest Base Camp.

Trekking Difficulty Level: The trek is moderately difficult, with no need for advanced climbing skills. However, the high altitude and daily hikes are challenging. Fitness and acclimatization are important.

Minimum Days on Trail: The trek usually takes at least 12 days, including travel to and from Lukla. Some itineraries extend to 14 days or more for better acclimatization.

Accommodation: Lodging is in teahouse lodges run by locals, offering basic but comfortable twin-shared rooms and shared bathrooms.

WiFi Availability: WiFi is available in many teahouse lodges for an extra fee, but it may be slow and unreliable in remote areas.

Hot Shower Availability: Most teahouses provide hot showers for an extra charge, though prices rise at higher altitudes. Wet wipes are recommended as a backup for cleanliness.

The Best Time to Trek to Everest Base Camp

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp is spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November). During these months, the weather is mild, and the skies are clear, offering stunning views of the mountains. You'll see beautiful rhododendron blooms in spring, while autumn provides crisp, dry conditions after the monsoon. These periods also avoid the extreme cold of winter and the heavy rains of summer, making the trek more enjoyable and safer. Whether you're seeking vibrant landscapes or clear vistas, these seasons are ideal for your Everest adventure.

Spring (March-May)

The skies are clear, and the days are mild. Fresh winter snow is beautiful, and the trails are in excellent condition. In the lower elevations, the rhododendrons are in full bloom, adding vibrant colors to landscapes. The trails can be crowded.

Autumn (September - November)

The season is also known for its clear skies, breathtaking views, and excellent trail conditions. The autumn falls immediately after the monsoon season so trails may be wet. As autumn is Nepal's festive season, you can still enjoy the festivities. Sherpas also celebrate the Sherpa Festival of Mani Rimdu in autumn. Sherpas are very enthusiastic about this festival, which is celebrated at Tengboche Monastery.

Winter (December - February)

It is also possible to trek in winter to Everest Base Camp. Snow can cover the trails, especially in the higher trekking regions. Even though the temperatures are freezing at night, the scenery is stunning. Winter trekking is a great option for those who love snow.

Summer/Monsoon (June to August)

Summer in Nepal is accompanied by the monsoon season, which brings much rainfall, especially in the lower parts of the country. Rain can make the trails to Everest Base Camp slippery and wet.

Day to Day Itinerary

Day 1:Arrive in Kathmandu (1,350m/4,429ft).

Day 2:Fly to Lukla (2,800m/9,199ft), trek to Phakding: 8km, 3- 4 hours

Day 3:Phakding to Namche Bazaar: 9-11km, 5 - 6 hours

Day 4:Namche Bazaar: Acclimatization Day : 3-4 hours

Day 5:Namche Bazaar to Tengboche: 10km, 5 - 6 hours

Day 6:Tengboche to Dingboche: 10km, 5 - 6 hours

Day 7:Dingboche: Rest and Acclimatization Day with Hike to Nagerjun Hill

Day 8:Dingboche to Lobuche : 10-11km, 5-6 hours

Day 9:Lobuche to Gorakshep -Everest Base Camp: 14-15km, 7-8 hours

Day 10:Gorak Shep to Kala Patthar and trek down to Pheriche: 13-14km, 7 hours

Day 11:Pheriche to Namche Bazaar: 15km, 6 - 7 hours

Day 12:Namche Bazaar to Lukla: 17-18km, 6 - 7 hours

Day 13:Fly back to Kathmandu

Day 14:Farewell, Departure Day.

Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu (1,350m/4,429ft).

Upon your arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport (KTM), you will be welcomed by a representative from Adventure Club Trek. After sorting out your customs formalities (visa and so on), you will be transferred to your respective Hotel in Adventure Club Trek’s private vehicle. After resting for some time at your Hotel, you will attend an orientation about your trek led by the trekking leader over a welcome dinner. Overnight in Kathmandu.

  • Accommodation Hotel
  • Meals Welcome Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude 1,300m/4,264ft

Day 2: Fly to Lukla (2,800m/9,199ft), trek to Phakding: 8km, 3- 4 hours

You will be driven to the domestic airport in the early morning to fly to Lukla. The 40-minute flight offers splendid views of mountains till landing at Lukla (2,800m) airport, the gateway to the Everest Base Camp Trek. The air route is considered majestic as high peaks are a joy to behold from closer. In Lukla, you will have time for tea while our guide will divide a load of baggage to be carried by porters. Now the trekking starts through the pretty well-off Sherpa village. You will cross several tributaries down the trail. The splendid views would go on, revealing the natural beauties as you make it to the small settlement of Phakding (2,650m). Here, you have options either to take a rest go for a short hike to a nearby monastery, or just stroll around to get a feel of the land, overnight in Phakding.

Manthali to Lukla Flight (March, April, May, October, and November)

During peak seasons, such as March, April, May, October, and November, the flight to Lukla will be operated from Ramechhap/Manthali due to air traffic expansion. The Manthali/Ramechhap airport is about a 4 hours drive from Kathmandu. On this day, we wake up at 2:30 a.m., take an escorted shuttle to Manthali airport on a shared tourist vehicle, and board a 20-minute flight to Lukla.

Kathmandu to Lukla Flight (January, February, June, July, August, September, and December)

The flight to Lukla is typically operated from Kathmandu during nonpeak seasons, which include January, February, June, July, August, September, and December. Please be aware that the decision regarding the operation of flights solely depends on the airline and is influenced by the volume of travelers during a specific month. On this day, we wake up at 5 to 6 a.m. Our staff will escort you to the domestic airport terminal in Kathmandu and board a 35-minute flight to Lukla.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude: 2,651m/ 8700f

Day 3: Phakding to Namche Bazaar: 9-11km, 5 - 6 hours

After breakfast, we proceed through the eye-catching trail, which includes suspension bridges, to the entrance of the Sagarmatha National Park. After submitting the paperwork, we head to Jorsalle and have lunch. Then we gradually climb a straightforward uphill route to the horseshoe-shaped Sherpa bustling trade town of Namche Bazaar. The first view of Mount Everest and Ama Dablam offers a great impression. Overnight in Namche Bazaar.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude: 3,438m/11286ft

Day 4: Namche Bazaar: Acclimatization Day : 3-4 hours

This day we reserve for acclimatization in Namche. For all the trekkers, it is very important to get used to the climate and situation to make the Everest Base Camp Trek successful. For the speedy adjustment to the higher altitude, we hike to Syangboche and further ascend to the Everest View Hotel, which is considered to be located at the highest place. From the hotel, we get a splendid view of the Himalayas; Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kongde, and others. After having tea or a coffee break, we gradually descend to the Sherpa villages of Khumjung, where we will have lunch. You may also visit the Khumjung Monastery. The legend has it that the monastery houses a Yeti’s scalp.

When we return to Namche, we may choose to relax or enjoy roaming the colorful town. You may visit the Sherpa museum to learn about the Sherpa culture and the history of mountaineering, or nearby Thame, a historic village. It is worth visiting the school established by Sir Edmond Hillary, the first person to climb Mt Everest. Overnight stay in Namche Bazar. Overnight in Namche Bazaar.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude: 3860m/12664f

Day 5: Namche Bazaar to Tengboche: 10km, 5 - 6 hours

As soon as the journey embarks from the Namche Bazaar, we may encounter a crowd heading towards the hill ridge. Then the easy part begins through the terraced hillside and descends to the juncture. We pass Kyanjuma and head gradually through the picturesque trail till Phunki Tenga and stop for lunch. Taking a rest for a while, we hike down to the Riverside, cross it, and begin climbing straight uphill to Tengboche, a spiritually contented town. It is the biggest monastery in the region at an altitude of 3800 meters. We can visit the monastery at the time of evening prayers if you want or take a rest at the Teahouse. OVernight in Tengboche.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude: 3,870m/12664ft

Day 6:Tengboche to Dingboche: 10km, 5 - 6 hours

Soon after having breakfast, we begin to climb through various hamlets like Deboche, Milingo, and Pangboche. Heading further, we stop for lunch at Somare. Then we cross a small bridge towards Orsho and head continually towards Dingboche. The route is culturally impressive with the attractions like mani walls and chhortens. Dingboche is a high-altitude town, which has got a long wall that preserves the crops from strong wind and animals. Even the glistening views of Mt. Everest and surrounding peaks entice us. Overnight in Dingboche.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:4,360m/14468ft

Day 7: Dingboche: Rest and Acclimatization Day with Hike to Nagerjun Hill

To adapt to the higher altitude, we go for a day hike to Nagarjun Hill (5,100m), a hill located on the edge of Chhukung Valley. Getting there is quite a challenge as the trail is steep at some points. However, once you reach atop the hill, you will be awarded up-close views of Lobuche East (6,119m), Lobuche West (6,145m), Taboche Peak (6,367m), Thamserku (6,608m), Ama Dablam (6,856m), and Kangtega (6,685m). In clear weather conditions, we can also see Mt. Makalu (8,481m), the fifth-highest mountain in the world. Many trekkers carry packed food to enjoy their lunch in this pristine view that Nagarjun Hill offers while others prefer having their lunch back at Dingboche after making a tiring excursion. After a day of admiring the mountains, we return to Dingboche. Overnight stay in Dingboche.

Alternatively, hike to Chhukung escorts to the gateway of the Island peak climbing point. The hiking becomes fruitful adjoined by the delighting Everest Himalayan peaks, returning to Dingboche and rest. 

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:5100m/16,732f

Day 8 :Dingboche to Lobuche : 10-11km, 5-6 hours

The slow pace of the walk begins from Dingboche after having breakfast. Climbing continually uphill for about a couple of hours, we reach Thuk La and take a rest bit. The other trail from here, the steepest part begins to cross the Dugh La Pass (4830 meters), which turns out to be the region's sparsely-dotted shrubs from lush woods in the lower altitude. There are cairns, prayer flags, and memorial monuments everywhere, honoring all the climbers and sherpas who have died attempting to climb Mt. Everest. We linger a bit longer and explore the plateau. We head towards Lobuche, enjoying the charismatic views of Mount Lingtern, Pumori, and Khumbutse. Overnight in Lobuche.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:4940m/16,108ft

Day 9: Lobuche to Gorakshep -Everest Base Camp: 14-15km, 7-8 hours

The journey from Lobuche to Gorakshep (5,170m/16,929ft) begins with a gradual ascent after breakfast. The surrounding terrain around consists of rock and ice. While walking further, Mt. Pumori and Nuptse dominate the blue sky. Gradually walking, we reach Gorakshep, where we check in at the hotel and have lunch. The next session is to climb towards the Everest base camp heading along the glacier moraines. It takes about 4 hours to trek back and forth. The first phase is a continual uphill climb to EBC, located at 5364 meters altitude. It's time to take a group picture at a place, which is still a dream destination for several thrill-seekers around the globe, where we spend around 30-45 minutes. Exploring the dazzling scenery of the World's tallest peak, Mt. Everest, its surroundings look brilliant along with the Khumbu icefall. Then we hike down to Gorakshep. Overnight in Gorekshep.

  • Accommodation Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:5,364m/17,270ft

Day 10: Gorak Shep to Kala Patthar and trek down to Pheriche: 13-14km, 7 hours

The dream is set to come into reality. If you prefer to drink tea or coffee, we need to order in advance the earlier day or before going to bed. We commence the excursion from the lodge/hotel early in the morning and hike to Kalapatthar ((5,545m/18,192ft). The pleasing Himalayan sceneries of Mount Everest (8848.86 meters), Lhotse, Makalu, and the surrounding miraculous Himalayan boundaries can be explored from an incredible viewpoint. Arresting the dramatic Himalayan sceneries and the glacial zones in your lenses, hike down to Gorakshep through the same route. Having breakfast, we continue the downhill trekking; have lunch after Thokla Pass, and head further to Pheriche. Overnight in Pheriche.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:4210m/13809ft

Day 11: Pheriche to Namche Bazaar: 15km, 6 - 7 hours

The downhill trekking continues from Pheriche after having breakfast. Heading through the forested region and hamlets, we follow the Imja Khola River, pass Orsho, Somare, Pangboche, and Deboche, and have lunch. Then we continue the excursion via Tengboche, Phungi Tenga, and walk steadily through the lush woods ultimately the excellent town of Namche appears, enticed by the dramatic Everest peaks. Overnight in Namche Bazaar.

  • Accommodation: Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:3,440m/11286ft

Day 12: Namche Bazaar to Lukla: 17-18km, 6 - 7 hours

These are the final steps to head downhill after having breakfast at Namche Bazaar. We check out from the National Park check post and head further passing Manjo, crossing a few still bridges, and passing Phakding, we gradually walk further and stop for lunch somewhere around Nursing and continue to the last point of the trekking- Lukla. A light celebration of the successful trekking will be a nice one with the team: overnight in Lukla.

  • Accommodation; Guesthouse/Teahouse
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:2,860m/9,383ft

Day 13: Fly back to Kathmandu

Lukla to Manthali Flight (March, April, May, October, and November)

The flight from Lukla to Manthali is a 20-minute flight. After that, it is about a 4-5-hour drive to Kathmandu. Please note that the driving hours may vary according to the highway traffic conditions. You’ll be transferred to the hotel in Kathmandu on a shared tourist vehicle.

Lukla to Kathmandu Flight (January, February, June, July, August, September, and December)

The flight from Lukla takes about 35 minutes. After arriving at the airport, you will be transferred to the hotel in Kathmandu via a shared tourist vehicle. Please be aware that the decision regarding the operation of flights solely depends on the airline and is influenced by the volume of travelers during a specific month.

  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast, and Farewell Dinner.
  • Max. Altitude:1,300m/4,264ft

Day 14:Farewell, Departure Day.

Our Everest Base Camp Trekking 14 Days ends here. A representative from the Adventure Club Trek will accompany you and see you off at Tribhuvan International Airport a few hours before the scheduled flight to your home.

How to get to the Everest Region

Lukla is the primary entry point to the EBC Trek. A short flight out of Kathmandu can reach it. The scenic views from the air and the thrilling landings are what make flights to Lukla so popular. Weather conditions can delay flights, so you should plan for extra days.

In peak trekking seasons, i.e., Spring and autumn, flights to Lukla will be rerouted to Manthali Airport, in Ramechhap District, instead of Kathmandu because traffic is congested at Tribhuvan International Airport. Manthali, located about a 4–5-hour drive from Kathmandu, is a good option. Lukla only operates in the morning. To catch a flight early in the morning to Lukla, you will need to leave Kathmandu around 1 am or stay overnight at Manthali.

Terrain Conditions

The terrain on the Everest Base Camp Trek is challenging and varied. Starting in Lukla, the trail features rugged, steep slopes and rocky paths. Initially, you'll pass through lush forests filled with rhododendrons and vibrant Sherpa settlements. As you climb higher, the landscape transitions to alpine forests and barren rock terrains. The journey includes several suspension bridges over raging rivers, adding an element of adventure and requiring surefootedness. The paths can be narrow, steep, and rocky, demanding careful navigation. Always stay on the mountainside and yield to other trekkers and animals.

At higher altitudes, the landscape becomes more barren, characterized by scree and glacial moraines. In spring and autumn, the ground is uneven, with loose stones and patches of snow or ice. The final approach to Everest Base Camp involves navigating the Khumbu Glacier, which requires precise maneuvering over its rocky surface.

Physical Fitness: Training and Exercises

Training for the Everest Base Camp (EBC) trek is important for a safe and enjoyable experience. Focus on building stamina, strength, and flexibility. Start by hiking or walking uphill regularly to prepare your legs and lungs for long days at high altitudes. Add strength training for your legs, core, and upper body to help carry your backpack. Cardiovascular exercises like running, cycling, or swimming will boost your endurance. Don't forget flexibility exercises like yoga or stretching to prevent injuries. Begin training at least three to six months before your trek, gradually increasing intensity and duration to match the trek's demands.

Essential Gear and Equipment

Altitudes range from 2,860m at Lukla to 5,550m at Kalapatthar. Temperatures can be warm, sunny, or cold. It is important to layer your clothing so that you can adjust it as the weather changes. To protect yourself from the wind and cold, you need high-quality materials that are moisture-wicking and insulating. Breathable fabrics will help to manage your sweat and heat.

  • Base Layers: Thermal Tops and Bottoms: Choose materials that wick moisture away, such as merino wool or synthetic fabrics.
  • Underwear: Pack multiple pairs of moisture-wicking and comfortable underwear.
  • Mid Layers: Fleece Jackets: Opt for jackets that provide insulation and maintain body heat. Lightweight yet highly insulating fleece jackets are crucial for cold nights and high altitudes.
  • Outer Layers: Jacket: A waterproof and windproof jacket is essential for protection from rain, snow, and wind. Fabrics like Gore-Tex are ideal for breathability and weather resistance.
  • Pants: Waterproof and windproof pants are necessary to keep your legs dry and shielded from the wind.
  • Trekking Pants & Shorts: Convertible Pants: These can be converted into shorts, offering flexibility for varying temperatures. Thermal Leggings: Wear under your trekking pants on colder days for added warmth.
  • Footwear: Hiking Boots: Waterproof, well-worn-in, sturdy boots with good ankle support are crucial.
  • Trekking Socks: High-quality, moisture-wicking socks, such as those made from merino wool, provide warmth and comfort.
  • Gaiters: Useful for keeping snow, debris, and water out of your boots.
  • Headwear: Warm Hat: A beanie or fleece hat for cold weather. Sun Hat: Protects against sun exposure. Buff or Neck Gaiter: Provides additional warmth and protection from wind.
  • Handwear: Gloves: Pack lightweight gloves for mild temperatures and waterproof, insulated gloves for colder conditions.
  • Additional Items: Sunglasses: Essential for high-altitude travel to protect your eyes from UV rays.
  • Trekking Poles: Useful for stability and reducing strain on the knees. Backpack Rain Cover: Keeps your gear dry in wet conditions.

By carefully choosing and layering your clothing, you'll be well-prepared for the weather changes and challenges you may encounter on your trek.


The Everest Base Camp trek is known for its dramatic altitude changes. The trek begins in Lukla at 2,860 meters (9,383 feet) and reaches its peak at Everest Base Camp at 5,364 meters (17,598 feet). Key landmarks on the route include Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters/11,286 feet), Tengboche (3,867 meters/12,687 feet), Dingboche (4,410 meters/14,469 feet), and Lobuche (4,940 meters/16,210 feet). Acclimatization is essential to prevent altitude sickness, as oxygen levels decrease with elevation. Scheduled acclimatization days help your body adjust to the thinner air.

Altitude Sickness Preparedness

Getting ready for a high-altitude trek involves more than just training and packing. Altitude sickness can affect anyone, no matter how fit you are or how experienced you are with high elevations. It's important to know the risks and how to prevent and handle altitude sickness.

Altitude sickness happens when your body can't adjust to the lower oxygen levels at higher altitudes. Symptoms can be mild or severe and even life-threatening. Being prepared and aware can make a big difference.

Here are some steps to help you prepare for and manage altitude sickness:

Mild Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): You might feel headaches, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, and trouble sleeping. These symptoms are common and usually manageable with rest and hydration.

Moderate AMS: If symptoms get worse, you might experience severe headaches, nausea and vomiting, more dizziness, shortness of breath, and decreased coordination. At this stage, it's essential to go down to a lower altitude.

Severe (HAPE/HACE): In rare cases, you could develop fluid in the lungs (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema - HAPE) or brain swelling (High Altitude Cerebral Edema - HACE). Symptoms include confusion, inability to walk, severe shortness of breath, and coughing up frothy fluid. Immediate descent and medical attention are critical.

How to Prevent Altitude Sickness

Preventing altitude sickness requires careful planning and proactive measures. By taking the right steps before and during your trek, you can significantly reduce the risk. Here are some effective strategies:

  • Gradual Ascent: Avoid rapid ascents and increase your sleeping height gradually. Once you are above 2,500 meters (8,200 feet), health professionals recommend not climbing more than 300-500 meters (1,000-1,600 feet) per day.
  • Moderate Exertion: In the early days of your trek, avoid overexertion. Take regular breaks, walk at a comfortable pace, and allow your body to acclimatize.
  • Rest Days: Incorporate rest days into your itinerary. A common guideline is to take a day off for every 1,000 meters (3,300 feet) of elevation gained.
  • Stay Hydrated: Dehydration can exacerbate altitude sickness. Aim to drink 3-4 liters of water per day and avoid caffeine and alcohol, as they can lead to dehydration.
  • High-Carbohydrate Diet: Consuming a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, helps maintain energy levels. Traditional Nepali foods like rice, lentils, and vegetables are also beneficial.
  • Medication: Consult your doctor about using acetazolamide, a medication that can help your body adapt to high altitudes more quickly.
  • Monitor Symptoms: Keep an eye on how you and your companions are feeling. Early detection of symptoms allows for prompt intervention, including descending to lower altitudes if necessary.


The acclimatization planned during the trip helps trekkers adapt to the environment with less oxygen. Our body needs time to adjust to higher altitudes. Rushing to the higher elevation without acclimatization may result in acute mountain sickness (AMS), which could be fatal. The trekkers may suffer from AMS above 2,400m/7,875ft as the amount of oxygen becomes less and less with the increase in elevation.

Trekking and National Permits

To trek to Everest Base Camp, you need at least two permits. These permits help maintain the trail, support local communities, and protect the environment. The required permits are the Khumbu Rural Municipality Permit and the Sagarmatha National Park entry permit. Detailed information is available in the "Permits for Everest Base Camp Trek" section.

Khumbu Rural Municipality Permit Information

Who Can Obtain the Permit?

Foreign nationals, including citizens of SAARC countries (India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Pakistan), can obtain the Khumbu Rural Municipality Permit. The fee is NPR 2,000 per person for the first four weeks. After four weeks, the fee increases to NPR 2,500 per person (no VAT applicable). A passport is required to obtain this permit.

Where to Obtain the Permit

Flying to Lukla: If you are flying to Lukla, you can get the permit upon arrival in Lukla. Arriving via Jiri or Salleri: Trekkers entering the Khumbu region from Jiri or Salleri can obtain the permit at the Sagarmatha National Park Counter in Monjo.

Getting the Permit in Lukla

The permit office is conveniently located along the main trail in Lukla. You won’t need to worry about finding it, as it is situated directly on your path.

Nutrition and Meal Planning

Proper nutrition is vital for the Everest Base Camp Trek. Plan meals that are high in calories and nutrients to sustain energy levels. In Kathmandu, stock up on snacks like nuts, dried fruits, and energy bars. Along the trek, teahouses provide meals, but options can be limited, so expect a lot of rice, noodles, and potatoes. Hydration is crucial; carry a water purification method. Avoid alcohol and caffeine, as they can dehydrate you. Consider bringing multivitamins to supplement your diet. Good meal planning helps maintain stamina and health during the demanding trek.

Navigating the Trek: Maps and Route Planning

Navigating the Everest Base Camp Trek requires good route planning. Obtain a detailed map and familiarize yourself with the trail, key landmarks, and villages. Most trekkers start from Lukla and follow a well-trodden path through Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorak Shep to reach the base camp. Plan your daily itinerary considering your fitness level and acclimatization needs. It's wise to schedule extra days for rest and altitude adjustment. Stay informed about trail conditions from fellow trekkers and local guides. A reliable map and careful planning ensure a safe and enjoyable trek.

Finding the Right Guide and Porter

Hiring a guide and porter can enhance your Everest Base Camp Trek experience. A local guide offers valuable insights into the culture, geography, and history of the region and ensures your safety on the trail. A porter can carry your heavy luggage, allowing you to trek with just a daypack. When choosing, look for reputable agencies with good reviews. Ensure your guide and porter are insured and fairly paid. A good guide and porter not only lightens your load but also enriches your trekking experience with their knowledge and assistance.

Staying Safe on the Trek

Safety is paramount on the Everest Base Camp Trek. Acclimatize properly to prevent altitude sickness; ascend slowly and take rest days. Stay hydrated and eat well to maintain energy levels. Be prepared for extreme weather with appropriate gear, including warm clothing, a sturdy tent, and a sleeping bag. Carry a first-aid kit with medications for common ailments. Stay on marked trails and avoid trekking alone. Inform someone about your daily plans. Be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and descend immediately if they occur. Prioritizing safety ensures a successful and enjoyable trek.

Budgeting for the Trek: Costs and Expenses

Budgeting for the Everest Base Camp Trek involves several expenses. The flight to Lukla permits (like the Sagarmatha National Park entry and TIMS card), guide and porter fees, and accommodation costs are significant. Meals in teahouses can add up, especially as you ascend—budget for gear rental or purchase, travel insurance, and potential emergency evacuation costs. Extras like hot showers, Wi-Fi, and charging devices incur additional charges. Plan for daily expenses and have some buffer for unforeseen costs. Proper budgeting ensures you can fully enjoy the trek without financial stress.

Travel Insurance: What You Need to Know

Travel insurance is crucial for the Everest Base Camp Trek. Ensure your policy covers high-altitude trekking up to 5,500 meters, including emergency evacuation by helicopter. Coverage should include medical treatment for altitude sickness, injuries, and illnesses. Look for policies that also cover trip cancellations, delays, and loss of personal belongings. Read the fine print to understand exclusions and claim procedures. Having comprehensive travel insurance provides peace of mind and financial protection against the uncertainties of high-altitude trekking.

Cultural Etiquette and Local Customs

Respecting local customs and etiquette enhances your Everest Base Camp Trek experience. Greet locals with "Namaste" and always ask before taking photos. Dress modestly, covering your shoulders and knees. Show respect in monasteries by removing shoes and walking clockwise around religious structures. Avoid pointing with your finger; use your whole hand instead. Bargain politely in markets but accept prices in teahouses. Be mindful of the environment and dispose of waste properly. Understanding and respecting local customs fosters goodwill and enriches your cultural experience.

Environmental Responsibility: Leave No Trace Principles

Following Leave No Trace principles is essential on the Everest Base Camp Trek. Pack out all trash, including food wrappers and batteries. Stick to marked trails to avoid damaging vegetation. Use biodegradable soap and avoid contaminating water sources. Respect wildlife by keeping a safe distance and not feeding animals. Minimize campfire impact by using a stove for cooking. Be mindful of cultural sites and avoid defacing rocks or structures. By adhering to these principles, you help preserve the natural beauty and ecological integrity of the Everest region.

Dealing with Weather and Climate Conditions

Weather on the Everest Base Camp Trek can be unpredictable. Prepare for a range of conditions, including sunny days, rain, snow, and strong winds. Pack layered clothing to adjust to changing temperatures, with a waterproof jacket and pants for rain. Nights can be very cold, so a good sleeping bag is essential. Check weather forecasts regularly and be flexible with your plans. Be aware of signs of hypothermia and frostbite. Staying prepared for varied weather ensures you remain safe and comfortable throughout the trek.

Mental Preparation and Staying Motivated

Mental preparation is key for the Everest Base Camp Trek. Set realistic expectations and understand the physical challenges. Stay positive and flexible, embracing the unpredictable nature of trekking. Break the trek into manageable segments and celebrate small achievements. Stay connected with fellow trekkers for support and motivation. Keep your goal in mind, envisioning the moment you reach base camp. Practice mindfulness or meditation to stay focused and calm. Mental resilience and a positive attitude help you overcome obstacles and enjoy the journey.


Proper planning and preparation are crucial for a successful trek to Everest Base Camp. Understanding the geography, planning your trip to Lukla, and choosing the best season will enhance your experience. With the right attitude and preparation, you'll be ready to tackle the Himalayas. We offer hassle-free trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Birendra Chudal

Birendra Chudal

Welcome to Nepal, known as the Kingdom of the Himalayas and home to Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. Nepal is often called Heaven on Earth and is a stunning place in the Himalayan region. It's like Shangri-La, a living cultural museum, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and where the living Goddess Kumari resides.

I'm Birendra Pd Chudal, a trekking tour operator and mountain guide specializing in trekking, tours, and travel in Nepal. I also organize hikes in the Himalayas and other outdoor activities such as peak climbing, expeditions, adventure trekking, and rafting. I completed my bachelor's degree in sociology at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu in 2005. I've been using my experience in tourism to promote sustainable eco-tourism in remote areas, aiming to empower local communities. I enjoy sharing my travel experiences in the Himalayas through my blog, providing accurate information and assistance to travelers exploring Nepal.

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